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Title: Real Time Simulation of a PFC Rectifier Based EV Charger Employing CC/CV Mode of Charging
Authors: Tiwary, Anyuti
Supervisor: Singh, Mukesh
Keywords: CC/CV;CrCM technique;Hysteresis current control;OPAL-RT;PFC rectifier;Power factor improvement;THD reduction
Issue Date: 7-Aug-2019
Abstract: Automobile industry has displayed an inclination towards establishment of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the market. However, charging of EVs throws inevitable challenges due to inclusion of non- linear charger circuitry. The conventionally utilized AC-DC rectification in charger poses ruinous effects to Grid and EV structure in the form of harmonics interference and obnoxious spikes in cur- rent. Thus, repercussions of elevated THD can be witnessed in poor efficiency and deterioration of EV charger. Furthermore, harmonics in input inductor current produce harmonics in rectifier’s output voltage. This can lead to DC link voltage fluctuation and adversely affecting of DC/DC converter functioning. Henceforth, a Power Factor Correction (PFC) rectifier based charger has been proposed that eliminates unwanted harmonics from input current and reduces THD. More- over, harmonics in rectifier’s output voltage are reduced and constant DC link voltage is obtained. Sinusoidal input current is maintained by Critical Conduction Mode (CrCM) and hysteresis cur- rent control application for power factor improvement. These are achieved using inner current and outer voltage control loop method. The former produces sinusoidal current wave in phase with input voltage to improve power factor. Whereas, the latter helps in achieving constant DC link voltage. Hence, THD factor of 1.30% and power factor of 0.9998 are recorded. In addition, model inculcates CC/CV charging algorithm to control overcharging of battery. Here, battery charges at Constant Current (CC) initially. Once, maximum voltage is reached, charging occurs at Constant Voltage (CV). It is governed by two isolated PI controllers. The collaborated work of PFC and CC/CV helps in recording model’s efficiency of 96.8%. Furthermore, a 2 kW charger prototype is analysed using real time simulation and validated through Hardware-in-loop (HIL) results in OPAL-RT.
Appears in Collections:Masters Theses@EIED

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