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Title: Temperature Behavior of Briquette Using Saw Dust and Cyclone Ash as Basic Raw Material and Checking its Performance and Emission Characteristics Using DFCI Engine
Authors: Dua, Aashish
Supervisor: Sharma, Sumeet
Gangacharyulu, D.
Keywords: Briquette, performance characteristics, Emission Characteristics, Temperature behavior
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2016
Abstract: Power generation using oil is ordinary and pullulating approach also there is dependency on oil and fossil fuel. India is a faster developing country where lots of energy sources are continuously required to fulfill the demand consumption. All the fossil fuels are having high emissions rate due that the there over consumption is quiet dangerous for health. Demand of these fuels is not full filled by country gross production so market of fuel is having surplus opportunity for new type of resources like biomass. Due to scarcity in the production of resources country has to export these fuels will greatly affects the economy of our country. So now a day’s country puts great emphasis on green fuel technology so as to beat market scarcity. Biomass gasification had came into existence for the partially the replacement of conventional power generation by the use of biomass based fuels like briquette. In general forestry waste, cattle dung, municipal waste and agriculture leftover are widely used for the production of heat. Conversion of biomass into the useful fuels like producer gas and further more as a source of electricity is an effective solution for remote areas as well as for commercial and industrial point of view. It will generate employment for the society. Gasification, Esterification and fermentation are some alternative routes which are being used in the remote areas. Gasification is a technique of biomass conversion used since last 180 years. This technology was used to produce combustible gas which was further used in blast furnaces earlier. Several low qualities of coal like peat were used as a feed stroke for gasifier earlier. The biomass is allowed to burn with limited amount of air with a temperature range of 850-1100℃. Maximum moisture content 20% and temperature range of 850-1100℃ is quiet good for generating high calorific value producer gas. Syngas may be ignites directly in gas engines, or can be used directly or can be converted into combustible and non-combustible gases like CO2, CO, H2, CH4, N2. In the complete process major components are as Biomass +Air→ CO+ CO2+ H2+ N2+ CH4+Char+Tar+CnHm+Heat+Ash In the current study different compression ratios were used to check the performance and emissions characteristic of dual fuel compression ignition engine and also the temperature behavior of briquette with time were checked. In this study sawdust, cyclone ash, tar and tar containing wood chips were used in different ratio to produced briquettes. 14:1 and 18:1 are the two compression ratios on which current study is based. Temperature behavior was studied to find out the pyrocracking temperature.
Appears in Collections:Masters Theses@MED

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