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Authors: Sangha, Balwinder Singh
Supervisor: Batish, Ajay
Singh, T. P.
Keywords: Innovation;Culture;Small Scale Auto Parts Manufaturing Industry;SHSS
Issue Date: 10-Aug-2015
Abstract: Innovation is the key driver for sustainable growth of an organization. It is a dynamic process of continual improvement. A strong innovative culture sets a conducive environment for innovation to strive and thrive. The present study is an attempt to analyze the status of Innovation Culture among Small Scale Autoparts Manufacturing Industry (SSAMI) of Punjab and to develop a model for fostering innovation culture in these organizations. The research work has been carried out in four phases. The first phase comprised of an identification of determinants and assessment of innovative culture among small scale units. The second phase was targeted to study the role and contribution of various agencies in developing innovative culture. The third phase of the work was focused to quantify the status of innovation culture in each individual respondent organization as well as to assess the overall status among the autoparts manufacturing sector. This phase also included the analysis of national system of innovation and assessment of the impact of various elements of this system on innovativeness of the manufacturing industry. The fourth phase of research work presents the development of a model for which the qualitative modeling technique has been applied using factor loading analysis. The sample of the study consisted of 110 Small Scale Organizations engaged in the autoparts industry. Data was collected from primary as well as secondary sources. The findings of the present study indicated that 44% of the respondent organizations were engaged in processing unit; 42% in product manufacturing whereas 14% were service providers in the auto manufacturing sector. The organizations were also classified for their innovation capability. The status of innovation culture among small scale autoparts manufacturing industry of Punjab revealed that the overall level of innovation culture is 34% against the optimal and achievable level of 50% to 75% in the present scene of autoparts manufacturing sector of India. Majority (65%) of the small scale autoparts manufacturing industry of Punjab fall under Type III classification, which indicated that the industry know the need but not aware how to change. About 18% of the industry falls under category of Type II i.e. they know the need and have some ability to generate and absorb technology. About 17% of the units were falling in Type IV category i.e. the lowest category of innovation capability, which meant that they didn’t know the need and how to change. It is surprising to note that no unit belongs to highest level of Type I category i.e. capable to generate and absorb technology. Further, no unit was found to be product innovator. The findings on the role and contribution of industry support institutions in fostering innovative culture revealed that 80% component of the services provided by these institutions is on skill training pertaining to CAD/CAM, CNC Programming, CNC Machining, White light scanning, 3D modeling, Rapid prototyping, Testing, Calibration, Non-destructive Testing including Industrial Radiography, Gauge validation, high end Heat treatment facility of Vacuum hardening and Material improvement Cryogenic process technology. Some path breaking technological innovations have been introduced by these institutions. These highly interactive, self-reliant institutes are the virtual In-house R&D to SSAMI. Sustainability of these institutes for more than two decades reflects their relevance to SMEs of the State. All the institutes are growing over time significantly. An increasing trend in revenue generation of these institutes, as shown by the Compound Growth Rate (CGR) values depicted, Central Tool Room, Ludhiana, at a very good level of 11.7 (p<0.01) of CGR and the remaining five institutes are also registering significant growth (p<0.05). Knowledge accumulations in the institutes also offer a platform for exchange of ideas which further facilitate the process of open innovation. The speedy and efficient dissemination of technical know-how by these institutes have brought creativity and innovativeness among SSAMIs of the region. The results on the basis of secondary data on national innovation policy indicated that innovation dimensions in the country are improving and are on the rise. India occupies second position after China in Global Competitiveness Ranking (Deloitte and CoC, 2010). India has declared 2010-2020 as ‘the Decade of Innovation’ (Ministry of Science & Technology, India, 2013). The results of the factor analysis indicated that support for capacity building; monitoring aspects and cultural aspects were the significant predictors of innovation score. The element of education, science and technology environment, markets and quality of networking has been found major influencing factors toward capacity building for innovation of organizations. Financial infrastructure and government incentives were found supportive for enhancing innovation capacity of the organizations under the monitoring aspect. Cultural aspects i.e. desire to learn, openness and trust, has also been found contributing towards innovation culture in the organizations. The study provides a valuable insight regarding existing status of innovation among small scale autoparts manufacturing industry of Punjab. The model developed in the study can be used for self-assessment of innovation culture in an organization.
Description: PHD, SHSS
Appears in Collections:Doctoral Theses@SHSS

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