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Title: Optimal Radial Microgrid System Using HOMER
Authors: Gerry
Supervisor: Sonia
Keywords: Energy;HOMER;Smart grid;Renewable;Hybrid;Jhalkheri
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2013
Abstract: Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Access to energy for all is essential for creating jobs, developing economies, increasing incomes, food production, security or climate change. Approximately one and a half billion people around the world, still lack access to electricity and the majority of them live in developing nations. Countries like India still face a severe energy crunch, with millions of rural inhabitant’s still lacking access to secure and assured electricity, making this a development priority. The energy shortage is most acute among India’s rural poor and in states such as Punjab, where more than 80% of the population still live in the rural areas; the majority of them still rely on conventional and traditional fuels for their energy needs. As governments and the energy sector seek to provide more modern and reliable energy services to these communities, there is a growing gap in the ever increasing demand and the shrinking supply of energy from conventional sources, as these are fast depleting. To facilitate energy access and a clean energy transition, a new approach has to be thought about. However, microgrid could be a useful concept for accelerating current rural electrification efforts, support renewable energy integration into energy systems, and create a reliable electricity system. In this thesis the optimal cost analysis of hybrid renewable energy system is done using Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER). The HOMER energy modeling software is a powerful tool for designing and analyzing hybrid power systems, which contain a combination of conventional generators, wind turbines, solar photovoltaic's, hydropower, batteries, fuel cells, biomass and other inputs. It is currently used all over the world by tens of thousands of people. In this thesis real time optimal cost analysis is done based on the load profile, solar radiation and wind speed which was collected from village Jhalkari in District Patiala, Punjab in India for both grid-tied and off-grid system. A comparison is shown based on per unit cost of electricity production, operating cost found by simulation results. Moreover, the optimization of system is obtained by varying the sensitivity variables like solar radiation, wind speed etc. Cash flow summary of the hybrid renewable energy system is obtained which will be useful for the optimal cost allocation of each individual component present in the system.
Description: Master of Engineering-PSED
Appears in Collections:Masters Theses@EIED

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