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Title: Study of Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Slurry Pump Handling Bottom Ash
Authors: Singh, Jai Inder Preet
Supervisor: Kumar, Satish
Mohapatra, S. K.
Keywords: Centrifugal pumps;Computational fluid dynamics (CFD);Bottom ash
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Thapar University
Abstract: Centrifugal pumps are used for transportation of solids and liquid over short to medium distance through the pipelines. A centrifugal pump designed to handle the liquids is normally single stage, end suction type having radial or mixed flow configuration of blades. Centrifugal pump radial-flow type is the most common in slurry service. A conventional centrifugal pump is designed to handle clear liquids. The modifications incorporated in the pump include enlargement of flow passages to accommodate bigger solid particles, robust impeller with smaller number of vanes, special seals and proper material of construction to ensure longer life. These have to be operated with relatively wide clearance at impeller-casing contacts to minimize choking and localized wear. These modifications increase the hydraulic losses in the pump and deteriorate the pump performance. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is being increasingly applied in the design of the centrifugal pumps. 3-D numerical computational fluid dynamics tool can be used for simulation of the flow field characteristics inside the turbo machinery. Numerical simulation makes it possible to visualize the flow condition inside a centrifugal slurry pump, and provides the valuable hydraulic design information of the centrifugal slurry pumps. The present study is concerned with the evaluation of the performance characteristics of a centrifugal slurry pump when handling clear water and numerical simulation with different concentration of bottom ash slurry at different speeds. The pump characteristics of centrifugal slurry pumps are influenced by various particle parameters such as concentration and flow velocity of slurries. A numerical model of an impeller and casing has been generated and the complex internal pressure and velocity distribution are investigated by using the FLUENT commercial computational code.
Description: M.E. (CAD/CAM and Robotics)
Appears in Collections:Masters Theses@MED

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